I’ve encountered a fair number of people who do not understand satire (some of them here). Â For them, satire is just a sneaky way of straw manning someone–only to say “I’m kidding, jeez” at the end of it, as if that were immunity to the basic responsibilities of argument and evidence. Â They then complain relentlessly about The Daily Show or The Colbert Report.
Two points. Â First, satire–satire faithful to the genre at least–kicks up, not down. Â It pokes fun at the powerful, not the powerless. Â One reason for this is that it’s not fair to pick on the powerless: they don’t have their own media empires, for instance, or publicists, or people who should warn them not to do an interview with the Daily Show (because they’re going to cut and paste the crap out of it). Â What’s funny about many Daily Show or Colbert Report interviews is the fact the that interviewee thinks she can spin the comedian. Â She can’t.
Second, satire isn’t really argument. Â This drives critics of left wing satire around the bend; how is it that Stewart gets away with mockery, when Rush Limbaugh doesn’t? Â They don’t get the difference.
Talking Points Memo brings us an example:
This routine, in which Colbert plays at conservatism in order to portray it as unendingly ugly, should be labeled for what it is: vile political blackface. When Colbert plays â€œColbert,â€ itâ€™s not mere mockery or satire or spoof. Itâ€™s something far nastier.
Blackface, which has an ugly history dating back to at least the fifteenth century according to historian John Strausbaugh, was used to portray demeaning and horrifying stereotypes of blacks. Such stereotypical imitation has not been limited to blacks, of course; actors tasked with playing stereotypical Jew Shylock often donned a fake nose and red wig, as did actors who were supposed to play Barabas in The Jew of Malta. Such stereotypical potrayals create a false sense of blacks, or Jews, or whomever becomes the target of such nastiness.
And this is precisely what Colbert does with regard to politics: he engages in Conservativeface.
That’s Ben Shapiro, a conservative commentator somewhere on the internet. Â The objects of Colbert’s mockery–which is, by the way, sadly milder than much common right wing commentary–are powerful and rich people. Â Colbert’s satire is directed at that. Â I can’t really explain why Shapiro doesn’t get that.