We used to play a game in graduate school called “a priori science”.Â In this game we wouldÂ provide accounts ofÂ phenomena without theÂ burden ofÂ experiments, research, labs, etc.Â We were, of course, making fun of ourselves and the obvious limits of our training.
This person, aÂ Princeton professor of French Literature,Â clearly isn’t.Â Writing in the New York Times, she argues on the strength of evidence that would be charitably described as a priori, that the cause of mass shootings is white male disempowerment:
What is it that touches them?
I come from a small town near Fort Worth, Texas. In this region, like many others across the United States, young men are having a very hard time of it. When I consider how all of the people I knew there are faring, including my own family members, the women have come out considerably better than the men. While many of the women were pregnant in high school and have struggled with abusive relationships,Â financial hardships and addictions, theyâ€™ve often found ways to make their lives work, at least provisionally, and to live with their children if not provide for them in more substantial ways.
The same cannot be said for many young men in the region, who are often absent fathers of multiple children by multiple women, unemployed or underemployed, sullen and full of rage. While every woman in my family has done O.K. in the end, every man on one side of my family except for my grandfather has spent time in jail, abused drugs or alcohol, suffered from acute depression, or all of the above. Furthermore, pervasive methamphetamine use, alcoholism, physical and psychological abuse and severe depression have swept not only my hometown and my region but large segments of the United States. If this pattern is not familiar to you personally, I am certain it is the lived experience of someone you know.
This is merely anecdotal evidence, not social science, but I believe that it is indicative of a sort of infection spreading in our collective brain, one that whispers to the American subconscious: â€œThe young men are in decline.â€ They were once our heroes, our young and shining fathers, our sweet brothers, our tireless athletes, our fearless warriors, the brains of our institutions, the makers of our wares, the movers of our world. In the Western imagination, the valiance of symbolically charged figures like Homerâ€™s Ulysses or the Knights of the Round Table remained unquestioned since their conception. However, as centuries progressed and stable categories faltered, the hero figure faces increasing precarity. Even if we consider the 20th century alone, we see this shift from World War II, when the categories of good and evil were firm, to later conflicts like the wars in Vietnam and Iraq, involving a disparity between what the government believed to be right and what much of the civilian population did.
And (skippingÂ a few paragraphs).
All this, and they still are not allowed to cry.
Yes, I don’t know what motivates theseÂ people either.Â But it’s a little early for the a priori.