There seems like there should be a name for the dialectical trap of saying something controversial, but then acting hurt that those who object to it interpreted it as controversial. Talisse and I called a very closely related stategy spitballing, that of covering the dialectical space with too many things to respond to. Consider the following case. President Trump has been the target of a defamation lawsuit by Stormy Daniels, the adult film star who allegedly had an affair with Trump years ago. Daniels’ lawsuit has been dismissed, and Trump goes to Twitter:
“Federal Judge throws out Stormy Danials lawsuit versus Trump. Trump is entitled to full legal fees.” @FoxNews Great, now I can go after Horseface and her 3rd rate lawyer in the Great State of Texas. She will confirm the letter she signed! She knows nothing about me, a total con!
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) October 16, 2018
So he calls Stormy Daniels ‘Horseface’ when announcing the case is dropped. The President has a long history of saying nasty things about womens’ appearances, so he was asked about it by the AP in a recent interview.
Trump also did not back down from derisively nicknaming porn actress Stormy Daniels “horseface” hours earlier.
He says “you can take it any way you want,” when asked if it was appropriate to insult a woman’s appearance.
Such an off-base reply. The question wasn’t what the statement meant, but whether the President stands by the statement given what it clearly means. Moreover, what are the options for my preferences to interpret this statement, to begin with? Is there another option, perhaps less misogynistic, to interpreting calling a woman ‘horseface’ to be a way of maligning her looks? Maybe it’s a shorthand that rich guys use to show that they know someone who looks like they own horses… you say “Ah, Sterling… he clearly has a wonderful set of stallions at home… see his regal horseface?” But still hard to take it in these lights when the expression is next to calling Danels’ attorney, Michael Avenatti, a “third rate lawyer”.
The question is what’s the problem? Here’s a shot. The problem is along two lines. The first is just that it’s a form of incorrigibility — you get caught doing something that someone objects to, and even if you think it is fine even under their interpretation, you just say they are interpreting it all wrong. So this is the ‘out of context’ play with verbal indiscretion — you make the game of nailing down exactly what you said just more costly than what’s worth the points of making the objection. In this case, making explicit what the problem is, what the interpetive options are, and so on, is just more work than is worth it. (At least for the reporters… I’m an academic… this is my JAM!)
The second part is the trap element. The trap is as follows — if Trump has said that we can interpret the claim as we see fit, if we interpret it as offensive, that’s evidence that we’ve chosen to interpret the claim as something bad. But who would do such a thing, except someone who suffers from an irrational, uncivil bias? And so, by saying that this unqualifiedly objectionable piece of language can be taken as we wish, Trump, by his lights, is testing us for whether we choose to blindly resist him on everything and act all offended when we do that, or we just see that Stormy Daniels is as ugly as he thinks she is, and we agree.
But the point, again, is the trap — once you choose to be offended by interpreting his statement in the offensive way — how is he really responsible for the objectionable stuff. The only apology he would owe, then, would be that he’s sorry that people can’t help themselves but to interpret him in a nasty way all the time.
With charges of straw man, those who make the challenge take on particular dialectical burdens. One of them is to point out how the view that’s been straw manned is not only better than the representation, but that better view was accessible to those who performed the straw man. Namely, that a reasonable interpretation was available that did not suffer from the problems with the represented view. But here’s the problem with the Trump case here with the trap — he hasn’t offered any alternative that’s a reasonable interpretation that’s not misogynistic. Not a surprise, really. But it’s useful for the theory of fallacy.